24시출장샵
  • 여수동대구역 모텔 추천
  • 서울출장안마
  • 카지노사이트
  • 사천부산 연산동 출장
  • 여수출장맛사지ナ예약금없는출장샵▬여수출장마사지샵〖여수안마방 단속시간〗⇗(여수안마방 황제의자)╕여수안마방 수위£여수분당 안마방┶여수강서구 안마방┒여수브베 안마방♂여수파주 안마방

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    원주출장샵
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    여수출장맛사지τ24시출장샵➷여수출장마사지샵〖여수동대구 여관〗↺(여수다이소 마사지)♡여수경주 마사지♕여수춘천 안마방⇜여수화성 안마방↚여수부산역 모텔 가격卐여수국노 토렌트

    The governments of more than 190 nations 정읍신사역 안마방 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    여수출장맛사지✣24시출장샵┫여수출장마사지샵〖여수여성 마사지 후기〗⇚(여수테크노폴리스 마사지)♀여수동탄 마사지↜여수논현 마사지⇞여수일본 가슴 마사지♮여수헬로우 드림✦여수에로틱 마사지

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    여수출장맛사지◦출장부르는법┿여수출장마사지샵〖여수거제도 모텔 추천〗↛(여수고시촌 안마방)☣여수남친 안마방☺여수안마방▀여수안마방 성병↛여수마사지 맛사지ω여수오피걸

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 군산출장샵 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    여수출장맛사지チ출장부르는법♝여수출장마사지샵〖여수출장〗┲(여수전신 마사지)ⓔ여수서울대입구 안마방┋여수국산 안마방❉여수이발소 마사지╊여수논현 마사지❈여수출장전화번호

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 통영대딸 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    여수출장맛사지♙예약금없는출장샵▒여수출장마사지샵〖여수마사지 핸플〗◘(여수호치민 리버티 마사지 가격)⇘여수여성전용 마사지 구인╘여수종로 안마방ユ여수비키니 마사지☣여수하마사키 마오 마사지╧여수구글 재펜

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – lovedonggu.xyz – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    여수출장맛사지여수폼롤러 마사지

  • 홍성안마방 마무리
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  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    여수출장맛사지▒예약금없는출장샵╚여수출장마사지샵〖여수손목 마사지〗↺(여수안마방 나무)♞여수안마방 복장╝여수마사지 자격증☜여수여성전용 마사지⇜여수안마방 보빨⇦여수안마방 알바 단속

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 금산광명시 안마방 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, jasonboy.xyz . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    울산출장샵
    여수막탄 마사지 카지노사이트 곡성불광동 마사지
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 평택출장샵 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    여수출장맛사지✤24시출장샵◊여수출장마사지샵〖여수안마방 에이즈〗♂(여수마사지 1인샵)┘여수러시아 밤문화✄여수모텔 출장안마★여수수유역 아로마 마사지☀여수19금 마사지♗여수서울 출장 후기

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 광양향남 안마방 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    여수출장맛사지⊿24시출장샵↘여수출장마사지샵〖여수이태원 안마방〗☻(여수계룡시 안마방)ロ여수괌 마사지☢여수전립선 마사지 하는 법↫여수마사지 간판구분⇇여수다낭 밤문화 마사지☐여수강원랜드 근처 마사지

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 울산출장샵 .

    하동텀블러 안마방
    동해동대문구 안마방 천안출장안마 서귀포콜걸강추
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    여수출장맛사지➡출장부르는법⇃여수출장마사지샵〖여수동남아 안마방〗☎(여수출장서비스)♤여수서양 안마방ヌ여수섹스 마사지☼여수향남 마사지⇠여수선릉역 마사지↟여수출장 선입금

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 수원출장샵 .

    여수출장맛사지✁출장부르는법⚘여수출장마사지샵〖여수출장업소〗☃(여수안동 안마방)☽여수항문 마사지╰여수발안 모텔☀여수타이 마사지 꿀팁➸여수부산 서면 출장○여수화명동 마사지

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 광주출장안마 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 속초안마방 얼마냐 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    여수출장맛사지⇅예약금없는출장샵✐여수출장마사지샵〖여수강원랜드 근처 마사지〗♥(여수진주 안마방)⊙여수에스테틱 마사지⇄여수안마방 잠ロ여수에가오 마사지★여수쉼터 안마방ケ여수피로회복을 위한 건강 마사지

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    여수출장맛사지┱24시출장샵¤여수출장마사지샵〖여수교대 안마방〗κ(여수보령 안마방)◑여수셀프 마사지⇘여수천안 오피스»여수부산 안마방 가격┮여수문산 안마방↔여수20대 안마방

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 서울양평 안마방 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 구미출장안마 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 광주출장안마 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 안동마사지 수면 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 카지노사이트.xyz . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    여수출장맛사지⇔24시출장샵♪여수출장마사지샵〖여수조건 카페〗▧ (여수방콕 에스코트)➚여수동대구역 모텔↽여수타이마사지 서비스☺여수성기 마사지↶여수서귀포 안마방♬여수대딸방

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 바카라사이트 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 대전출장샵 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 바카라사이트.xyz showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    여수출장맛사지→24시출장샵↲여수출장마사지샵〖여수사이판 마사지〗웃(여수손목터널증후군 마사지)✥여수가슴 마사지┞여수송도 안마방♖여수가슴 커지는 마사지⇣여수군대 안마방ナ여수운서동 안마방

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    영주안마방 김치남
    대전출장샵 정읍대구 마사지 바카라사이트
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    여수출장맛사지➠예약금없는출장샵✦여수출장마사지샵〖여수영천 마사지〗┭(여수토렌트 안마방)♨여수출장미인아가씨♙여수태국 에스코트ρ여수병점 안마방╡여수마사지 알바☏여수합성동 안마방

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.여수출장맛사지여수세r시 마사지╏여수옥계 마사지↖(여수중동 안마방)여수콜걸 후기♤여수고추 마사지╥여수인천안마▩여수제천 마사지♧lovejg.xyz예약금없는출장샵여수마사지 영상▶여수발마사지∷『여수안마방 백마』여수마사지 사진⇣여수관평동 마사지↕여수제주시 연동 마사지○여수안마방 스텝♨여수출장맛사지전주부산 모텔 출장여수송우리 안마방☇여수여관 미시┸[여수목동 안마방]여수용암동 마사지♥여수fc2 남친 마사지卐여수제주도 마사지ミ여수여자친구 마사지♝여수마사지 받다가⇟여수안마방 전화번호 저장♠『여수모텔 전화』여수동출장마사지┕여수출장최고시┷여수마사지 자격증ェ여수안마방 모텔☻여수태국 에스코트 걸ラ여수스웨디시 마사지▧{여수하노이 vip 마사지}여수불광 여관ウ여수안마방 카운터웃여수에이미 성인⇈여수왕십리 안마방↛여수울산 삼산동 출장♟여수안마방 대물✕〈여수마석 안마방〉여수대학동 마사지♪ 여수서울출장안마ロ여수서울 여인숙 가격➹여수마사지 tumblrメ예약금없는출장샵여수강북 안마방출장부르는법여수베트남 마사지⇦여수외국인 안마방⇜﹛여수동대구역 근처 모텔﹜여수안마방 빡촌↢여수휘성 안마방┌여수승모근 마사지╬여수1인샵 마사지☎여수출장맛사지여수출장맛사지창원출장샵여수베트남 마사지 가격여수승모근 마사지여수타이마사지 종류여수다크서클 없애는 마사지여수출장맛사지여수이태원 안마방❈여수엘프 마사지⇗<여수마사지>여수피부 마사지◣여수만짜이 마사지↖여수50대 안마방ヘ여수조건 만남 카페└전주베트남 마사지 후기

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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